We will look at a treatment of the semantics of taste predicates using TTR (Type Theory with Records). The central idea is that we take the notion of judgement from type theory as basic and derive a notion of truth from that, rather than starting from a semantics based on a notion of truth and trying to modify it to include a notion of judgement. Our analysis involves two types of propositions: Austinian propositions, whose components include a situation and a type, and a subtype of Austinian propositions called subjective Austinian propositions, whose components in addition include an agent who makes the judgement that the situation is of the type. We will argue that attitude verbs can select either for propositions in general (subjective or objective) or for subjective propositions, but that there is no type of objective propositions which can be selected for. We will discuss some apparent counterexamples to this from Germanic languages and argue that there is a phenomenon akin to switch reference in certain attitude predicates when their complement involves a subjective proposition.
Copyright (c) 2017 Robin Cooper
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).