Actitudes lingüísticas en Santiago de Chile
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Keywords

actitudes lingüísticas
sociolingüística
psicolingüística
dialectología
corrección lingüística
norma lingüística
español
castellano
Hispanoamérica
hispanohablante
América Latina
español latinoamericano
variantes del español
español de Chile

How to Cite

Rojas, Darío. 2014. “Actitudes Lingüísticas En Santiago De Chile”. Bergen Language and Linguistics Studies 5 (November). https://doi.org/10.15845/bells.v5i0.679.

Abstract

Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la ciudad de Santiago, hacia al español de Chile y hacia el español de los otros países hispanohablantes: El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America), financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN). La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando una muestra de 400 informantes estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Entre nuestros hallazgos, destacan los siguientes: 1) los santiaguinos muestran seguridad lingüística en comparación con variedades regionales del español de Chile, pero una gran inseguridad cuando se comparan con el habla de otros países; 2) sus actitudes se ven influenciadas tanto por características lingüísticas (modelo ideal de lengua, conservador y de raigambre colonial) como por características extralingüísticas (estatus social); 3) el concepto de mayor peso dentro de la ideología lingüística de los santiaguinos es la corrección idiomática, que se articula con otros dos conceptos clave: el de unidad lingüística y el de entendimiento (o comprensión lingüística). Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of Spanish speakers from Santiago, towards Spanish spoken in Chile and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America), funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN). The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 persons based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. Our main findings are the following: 1) Santiaguinos show linguistic confidence when they compare their speech to regional varieties of Chilean Spanish, but they show great insecurity when they compare their speech to those of other countries; 2) Their attitudes are influenced by both linguistic characteristics (an ideal, conservative language model of colonial origin) and non-linguistic characteristics (social status); 3) The most important concept of their language ideology is that of linguistic correctness, which is linked to two other key concepts: linguistic unity and language comprehension.
https://doi.org/10.15845/bells.v5i0.679
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Copyright (c) 2014 Darío Rojas

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