Actitudes lingüísticas en México. Entre el chovinismo y el malinchismo
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Keywords

actitudes lingüísticas
sociolingüística
psicolingüística
dialectología
corrección lingüística
norma lingüística
español
castellano
Hispanoamérica
hispanohablante
América Latina
español latinoamericano
variantes del español
español de México

How to Cite

Morett, Sonia. 2014. “Actitudes Lingüísticas En México. Entre El Chovinismo Y El Malinchismo”. Bergen Language and Linguistics Studies 5 (November). https://doi.org/10.15845/bells.v5i0.688.

Abstract

Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la Ciudad de México, hacia al español del país y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo hace parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America), financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN). La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando una muestra de 400 informantes previamente estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico sobre sus preferencias y opiniones de las variantes dialectales mexicanas y del mundo hispanohablante. El análisis identifica factores lingüísticos y extralingüísticos que devienen en percepciones cognitivas y actitudes afectivas de orgullo, aceptación, rechazo y estigmatización. Se dedicó especial atención a las creencias sobre la corrección lingüística y al rol de los medios de comunicación en la propagación de estereotipos. En relación con investigaciones precedentes, la española y la mexicana se mantuvieron como las variantes más prestigiosas, aunque en varios aspectos se registró una mayor autoestima lingüística y, al mismo tiempo, una creciente conciencia y aceptación hacia la diversidad intralingüística y cultural, especialmente hacia las hablas de otros países hispanohablantes. Se concluye que las creencias sobre los grupos sociales se encuentran en la base de las actitudes lingüísticas, antes que los criterios inherentes al lenguaje. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from Mexico City, towards Spanish spoken in the country, and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America), funded by The Research Council of Norway. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status about their preferences and opinions about the varieties of Spanish spoken in Mexico and in the Spanish-speaking world. The analysis has identified linguistic and non-linguistic factors that lead to cognitive and affective attitudes of pride, acceptance, rejection and stigmatization. Special emphasis was put on beliefs about linguistic correctness and the role of communication media on the dissemination of stereotypes. We focus especially on beliefs about linguistic correctness as well as on the role that media play in the dissemination of stereotypes. In relation to previous research, the Spanish and Mexican dialectal variants maintain their status as the most prestigious; however, a greater linguistic self-esteem was detected, as well as a growing awareness and acceptance of intralinguistic and cultural diversity, especially regarding the varieties of other Spanish-speaking countries. We conclude that beliefs about social groups rather than intralinguistic criteria basically shape linguistic attitudes.
https://doi.org/10.15845/bells.v5i0.688
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Copyright (c) 2014 Sonia Morett

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